What is Diabetes?1
Diabetes is a group of diseases that causes high blood sugar (glucose) levels. Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce or effectively use There are several types of diabetes, with type 2 being the most common. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough, or when cells become more resistant to the insulin that is produced.
How Diabetes Works2
It can feel overwhelming to find out that you need to start managing your diabetes through insulin treatment. Here's a video that can help you understand what diabetes is and how it works:
What is Insulin and Why Do You Need It?3
Insulin is a hormone that's made by your pancreas. The purpose of insulin is to help your body move glucose into cells for energy.
How Insulin Controls Your Blood Sugar (Glucose) Level4
When your pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or fails to function properly, your blood sugar (glucose) level can rise — leading to diabetes.
If you are diagnosed with diabetes, you may need insulin treatment to help you control your blood sugar (glucose) level.
What You Need to Know About Insulin and Type 2 Diabetes3
Everybody needs insulin to help move sugar (glucose) from the blood into cells where it can be used for energy. It doesn't matter whether a person gets insulin from their pancreas or insulin treatment. Everyone needs insulin.
In type 2 diabetes, there is a gradual loss of the cells that produce insulin, called beta cells. The loss of these cells makes it increasingly difficult to manage blood sugar (glucose) levels, which is why many people living with type 2 diabetes eventually need insulin treatment.
What Types of Insulin Are There?6
Insulin types vary according to how soon they start to work, how long they take to kick into full effect, and how long they last.
Some can work for longer periods of time while others work for shorter periods of time.
There are even different types of faster-acting and longer-acting insulin, as well as a type of insulin that is a combination of faster-acting and longer-acting insulin called mixed insulin.
Remember — Your doctor will recommend the type of insulin that's right for you.
Moving Forward with Insulin7
Keeping your blood sugar (glucose) level within your target range can help prevent or delay the health problems caused by diabetes.
Your Blood Sugar (Glucose) and You7
Keeping track of your blood sugar (glucose) levels in order to manage your diabetes may seem overwhelming at first. But once you get the hang of it — it will quickly become part of your daily routine.
Here are some tips on what can raise or lower your blood sugar (glucose) level:
- Eating too much
- Not being physically active
- Not taking diabetes medications
- Side effects from other medications
- Experiencing stress
- Experiencing pain
- Experiencing illness
- Menstrual periods (changes hormone levels)
- Not eating or skipping meals
- Drinking alcohol
- Taking too much insulin
- Side effects from other medications
- Too much physical activity
Important: Be sure to follow your doctor's recommendations on managing your blood sugar (glucose) levels so you can feel your best every day.
Use a Logbook to Track Your Blood Sugar (Glucose) Levels
With a logbook8, you can keep track of your blood sugar (glucose) levels according to the schedule recommended by your doctor.
Just write down what you ate, when you ate, how much you ate, and when you exercised. Then work with your doctor to understand how food and physical activity can make your blood sugar (glucose) levels go up or down.
By sharing it with your doctor, you can get a better understanding of what lifestyle choices increase and decrease your blood sugar (glucose) levels.
Important: It's best to work with your doctor to establish goals that are right for you.
You've Just Completed the Why Insulin? Section
Congratulations! You should now have a better understanding of diabetes, the importance of insulin, and how to track your blood sugar (glucose) levels.
Type 2 diabetes can be challenging to manage, but it's important to stay motivated and do your best to adhere to your insulin treatment — you can do it!